Various Alternatives to Septic System
Living within a house located in a suburban or country would mean that it cannot be easily hooked up with the municipal sewer system. This suggests that having a septic system will be the best choice. Septic systems are practical but cannot be used in all situations. The areas with soil that have shallow or dense with the water level are quite high is not too viable.
Another issue may prevent the owner from installing a tank underground leaving the homeowner of being stressed out. There are multiple alternatives for the septic systems that meet up the local regulations while ensuring that the environment is clean. There are alternatives that include the mounds and the leach field.
Septic tanks aren’t always cost-effective in some locations which can be one of the top choices. Knowing these alternatives can help people with the cost. It is also important to know the best choices which is the most useful in their area and which system will be suitable for the land.
Aerobic Sewage Treatment System
Aerobic septic systems treat residential wastewater treatment facilities. This is the technique that helps in adding to the oxygen in the septic system that helps the aerobic bacteria to be more effective in breaking down the organic sewage in sewage. This further results in having a cleaner and clearer effluent.
The aeration chamber helps in bringing oxygen to the sewage. This helps in enabling to break down all of the solid wastes. The effluent is finally freed from the organic waste which becomes odorless. It enters another section for the purpose of disinfecting. Once the effluent has been chlorinated, the clean water flows to a holding chamber which can be discharged.
The bedrock has 12 inches of rock which is near an overflow lateral field. Some cons of this technique include requiring deeper maintenance compared to other traditional systems. Constructed wetlands are very costly and their longevity is unpredictable.
A leach field works almost with a leaching system that’s connected to a tank without a tank. The effluent goes from the house towards the perforated pipes in a layer of trenches crammed with gravel. The effluent enters the gravel via the perforated pipes before getting into the soil. Leach field beds are often layered. There are limitations to the sizes of the beds because the excavation has got to be handled from the sides to prevent the compaction of the bottom part. Steeper slopes aren’t adaptable to leach fields. A minimum soil depth of 18 inches is needed below the bed.
The lagoon system is used to treat the effluent using sunlight exposure. Storage tanks collect effluent, which drains into solid piping ending at rock as a part of the lagoon. Lateral fields will catch the overflow before it will be drained into the soil. Installing and maintaining lagoons can be more affordable than septic tanks. Lagoons don’t need top-level maintenance compared to a septic system. To help in securing the lagoon, gates, and fences may be needed. Lagoons are difficult to install in places with steep slopes or rocky soils.
The mound system pumps the effluent to a mound with the use of networks in the upper portion of the sand. The effluent enters the soil with the fill material, before entering the natural soil. This can be very beneficial when it comes to the low-maintenance system. This technique requires level land, which can be hard to construct. The mound system helps in regulating the system. One of the problems in the mound system is that it can be disrupted by power failures.
Compost toilets help in breaking down the effluent. The method eliminates septic tanks. Compost toilets are good for areas where other sewage systems cannot be installed. However, many areas don’t allow composting toilets as a standalone system. Improper handling of a compost toilet can cause some of the issues in disposing of the waste.